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Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

“What You Should Know” Information extracted on 3/10/2020 from:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html#basics

 

What is a novel coronavirus?

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified.

The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as

the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans (visit

www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/types.html for coronavirus types) and cause mild

illness, like the common cold.

A diagnosis with coronavirus 229E, NL63, OC43, or HKU1 is not the same as a

COVID-19 diagnosis. Patients with COVID-19 will be evaluated and cared for

differently than patients with common coronavirus diagnosis.

Can someone who has had COVID-19 spread the illness to others?

The virus that causes COVID-19 is spreading from person-to-person. Someone

who is actively sick with COVID-19 can spread the illness to others. That is why

CDC recommends that these patients be isolated either in the hospital or at

home (depending on how sick they are) until they are better and no longer pose

a risk of infecting others.

How long someone is actively sick can vary so the decision on when to release

someone from isolation is made on a case-by-case basis in consultation with

doctors, infection prevention and control experts, and public health officials and

involves considering specifics of each situation including disease severity, illness

signs and symptoms, and results of laboratory testing for that patient.

Current CDC guidance for when it is OK to release someone from isolation is

made on a case by case basis and includes meeting all of the following

requirements:

• The patient is free from fever without the use of fever-reducing

medications.

• The patient is no longer showing symptoms, including cough.

• The patient has tested negative on at least two consecutive respiratory

specimens collected at least 24 hours apart.

Someone who has been released from isolation is not considered to pose a risk

of infection to others.

How can I help protect myself?

• There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

• The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus.

• Clean your hands often – soap and water or hand sanitizer with 60% alcohol

• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

•Avoid close contact with people who are sick

What do I do if I become sick?

• Stay home when you are sick.

• If you are sick, call your medical center before going to the facility.

• Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, or use the

inside of your elbow.

• Throw used tissues in the trash.

• Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or

use hand sanitizer.

Who is at higher risk for serious illness from COVID-19?

Early information out of China, where COVID-19 first started, shows that some

people are at higher risk of getting very sick from this illness including older

adults and people who have serious chronic medical conditions like heart

disease, diabetes, and lung disease.

Should I be tested for COVID-19?

Call your healthcare professional if you feel sick with fever, cough, have difficulty

breathing, and have been in close contact with a person known to have COVID-

19, or if you live in or have recently traveled from an area with ongoing spread of

COVID-19.

Your healthcare professional will work with your state’s public health department

and CDC to determine if you need to be tested for COVID-19.

For local questions or concerns related to

COVID-19 (not specific patient care) please contact:

Vernon County Health Department: (608) 637-5251

For the latest information about COVID-19 please visit:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html